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The Syrian crisis

Children in a refugee camp
Girl in a Turkish refugee camp (photo: BMZ)

The violent conflict in Syria has led to the greatest humanitarian crisis in the region since the founding of the United Nations. Estimates by human rights organisations show that there have been more than 300,000 fatalities and one million casualties. Large parts of the country have been destroyed.

This has resulted in a mass exodus of refugees. So far, 6.6 million Syrian people have been internally displaced (as of January 2016). In addition, around 4.7 million people have fled to neighbouring countries. Most of them went to Jordan and Lebanon. Turkey, Iraq and Egypt are also among the host countries.

Escape and displacement

Facts and figures relating to the Syrian crisis

Inhabitants in Syria:
17.070.000 (Stand: 2019)
Syrians escaping:
12,2 million, of whom
Escaped to neighbouring countries:
5.56 million, of whom
» to Jordan:
» 655.435 of 10.1 million inhabitants
» to Lebanon:
» 910.256 of 4.5 million inhabitants
» to Turkey:
» 3.59 million of 83.4 million inhabitants
» to Iraq:
» 247.568 of 39.3 million inhabitants
» to Egypt:
» 129.642 of 100.4 million inhabitants
» to Germany:
» 770.000 of 83.5 million inhabitans


On-site aid

Germany’s involvement in the host regions

The overwhelming majority of refugees find shelter in neighbouring countries and regions. In around 90% of cases, this is in developing countries. They must be supported there. During the legislative period, the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (Bundesministerium für Wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung – BMZ) has donated more than EUR 12 billion to tackle the causes of fleeing, and to support refugees in their countries of origin and host nations.

warm clothing for 230,000 children
650,000 Syrian refugees

With this appropriation, more than 230,000 children in Jordan, Lebanon and northern Iraq have been provided with warm clothing for the past two winters.

In 2015, over 650,000 Syrian refugees in Lebanon, Iraq and Egypt received nutritional support using electronic vouchers, which they could use to buy food from local supermarkets.

Measures to prevent violence

So far, in Lebanon, 40,000 children have benefitted from child protection measures, and 17,000 women have benefitted from measures to prevent violence.

psychosocial care opportunities
improved wastewater systems

In the host communities in Iraq, 20,000 children were able to receive psychosocial care.

The drinking water and waste water management for 11.6 million people in Lebanon, Jordan, the Palestinian territories, and northern Iraq has been improved. In the Dohuk Camp in northern Iraq, more than 72,000 people are able to benefit from improved wastewater systems.

Education opportunities

Education opportunities are available for 700,000 children in Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey, and northern Iraq. Between 2013 and 2015, 130,000 child refugees were able to go to school in Jordan. In the academic year 2016/2017, the BMZ funded 8,000 Syrian teachers in Turkey.

Because of this, 150,000 Syrian children were able to go to school. Around 60,000 children, including 49,000 child refugees from Syria and around 11,000 underprivileged Lebanese children, enrolled in state schools in Lebanon in 2014/2015.


15,000 people were able to find work in Iraq. In Egypt, 25,000 people underwent vocational Training.